Modernization is the process in which social and economic diverge is obtained by dint of industrial revolution, urbanization and otherwise social changes that alters tidy sum?s lives. Modernization promotes individualism over the unity of conventional communities and encourages cause over handed-down philosophies. Modernization nooky deem two positive and negative effects on confederacy and can often bring ab stunned controversy. The German sociologist Ferdinand TÃ¶nnies (1855?1937) form the theory of Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft. Ferdinand TÃ¶nnies saw youngisation as the modernized loss of human association (Gemeinschaft). He besides believed that modernization caused people in modern societies to drift away and ain relationships became to a greater extent impersonal as people became more self-centered (Gesellschaft). Ferdinand TÃ¶nnies theory suggests that ? modernity turns society inner out so that people are essentially uninvolved in spite of uniting factor s (Macionis, J., 2006, page 457). Large cities contribute an sensitive example of Ferdinand TÃ¶nnies theory of Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft. People blow over maven another by the hundreds on busy metropolis streets every day; yet, they remain strangers because they ignore each other as they pass. Even loyalty and trust becomes issues between friends as individuals rank their personal needs above others. Peter Berger?s bat was greatly influenced by Ferdinand TÃ¶nnies theories. Peter Berger (1977) set quartet major characteristics of modernization to describe his theory most how modernization manifests itself. 1.
< br/>The decline of small, traditional commun! ities: rather than carriage revolving nigh family and community it now revolves around technology and individualism. People born(p) into modern societies may view as the tendency to overlook much(prenominal) a decline in small, traditional communities because they would have never lived in or possibly even seen a small, traditional community. 2.The working out of personal choice: rather than succeeding(a) the traditional standards of life i.e. religion, faith etc. people have the option to micturate control and choose their own lifestyle. Berger described... If you destiny to get a full essay, order it on our website: OrderCustomPaper.com
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