Saturday, March 30, 2019
Globalisation Impact On Institution Of Family In India Sociology Essay
Globalisation collision On Institution Of Family In India Sociology EssayThe term globalisation is a buzzword emerged in the mid-nineties and refers to a trend and transition of variety of political, economic and socio-cultural consequences, resulting from technological changes that argon currently transforming the universe of discourse. Many com manpowertators however focus upon economic aspects of globalisation. Sociologists feel that though the economic content of globlisation tushnot be neglected only if its socio-cultural dimensions excessively requires emphasis. Sociologists suggest that globalisation refers to both the compression of the world and the intensification of consciousness of the world as a whole.1In this paper, I made an attempt to discuss the sociological nuances of the globalisation by using family in India as the basis.Family Meaning and interpretationFamily is the vital primeval concourse of any forms of human groups. The word family has been deri ved from popish term famulus which means servant. According to Mac Iver, family is a group specify by a sex relationship sufficiently precise and allow to provide for the procreation and upbringing of children.2Parker and Ander parole defines family as a Socially organise unit of throng related to each otherwise by kinship, marital and legal ties.3For Arnold and Green, it is an institutionalized favor adequate to(p) group charged with duty of community re eruptment. American Bureau of Census defined family as a group of cardinal or more persons related by blood, matrimony or adoptions and residing together.4Such persons atomic number 18 considered as members of one family.Family being a primary fond group came into existence in order to satisfy the exigency for protection, sexual urge and economic desires. It is not of a sudden rootage scarce evolved from times and passed through authoritative stages. Mating relationship, form of marriage, brass of nomenclature, c ommunal habitation, economic provision to satisfy needs, emotional basis, universality, limited in size, influential group and as an instrument of social regulation argon considered as salient features of family.Family in India around striking feature of Indian family system is the existence of common family system. In a joint family not only p arnts and children but their brothers and sisters in like manner live in the common household. sometimes it may include ascendants and collaterals up to many generations. The joint family in India exhibits certain features like largeness in size, owning of joint property, sharing of common residence, practising of common religion and mutual rights and obligations.Globalisation and FamilyToday, globalisation is a buzzword which everyone talks of as per his or her need. The term globalisation acquired a contextual importee and projected as a powerful process of growth that has probable of all round development of human beings. The different aspects of globalisation economic, political, social and cultural have important implications for human life, including the family life. In a globalised world, the deliverance is supposed to be characterized by open, liberal, free market and free deal with few or no regulatory barriers. Therefore, all the developing countries are in a race to increase their share in world trade. Greater mobility takes place in economic capital and materials, when trade and stage business of a country increases. However, this factum of mobility is not confined to economic capital but also extend to human capital which leads to change in determine and culture. Changes in human values and institutions (including the family) occurs when there is scope for greater mobility of people and more interactions among people of different cultures. The role of mass media and communication engine room cannot be ignored in changing the socio cultural values. The world is shoplifting to a global village and its people are becoming immediate and closer. Thus globalisation has a profound influence on all walks of human life including personal and family life.In this paper, I have essay to explore the consequences of globalisation on the institution of family in India. This paper go forth deal with the turbulent changing meansrn families in the urban centers of India. In the past few decades, industrialization, urbanization, globalisation and rapid growth of information engine room have produced myriad challenges and made a powerful blow on different segments of societies everywhere. Since globalisation has not only economic aspect but also social cultural and political implications, any of its outcome has to be assessed in terms of how it is influencing the relationships and cultural life in a troupe.Impact of Globalisation of Indian Family systemTraditionally, in India, the basic unit of society was not individual but the joint family. Ever since independence, Indian federation has undergone and continues to undergo great change in every walk of life. By enacting number of laws an attempt is made to change social, working and living conditions of people. The impact of globalisation on Indian family can be vie get married in two different ways. Some debates that in the era of economic restructuring the institution of family is emergent as a much stronger institution than ever before others argue that family is becoming progressively weak ascribable to globalisation and individualism is evolution up. Peadar Kirby, who refers family as a social asset opines that far from being able to protect vulnerable people against risk, families themselves are experiencing considerable stress and requires assistance.5increase mobility of younger generation in search of new employment and educational opportunities allegedly weakened the family relations. The family bondings and ties started loosening due to physical distance as it rendered impracticable for members o f family to come together as often as earlier. This touch the earlier idealized nation of family as the caring and nurturing unit for children, the inauspicious and elderly.Another striking impact is a gradual change took place in the family structure from joint / extended families to nuclear family pattern. The small or nuclear families almost all have replaced the joint family. One can hardly found any joint family in the urban India. The traditional authority structure i.e. head of the family i.e. father / grandfather/karta started loosing his authority to the mark winner of the family. Even within the nuclear family one can lulu the changing marital roles and distributions of power. Total subordination of women to men and strict moralist / hitlarian role of father towards children are also changing. Younger generation, particularly those with higher(prenominal) education and jobs, are no longer believe in fare surrender of their individual interests to family interest. The individualism is increase even within the family structure. The increasing costs of education, health services and new job opportunities opened up for the women outside the house once again brought the role of family into question.Change is a social phenomenon and no society can remain static. Society changes consort to time, wishes and needs of its subjects. Speed and extent of change differs from Society to society. Currently, India is one of the cursorily changing societies and appears to be in forefront to follow and adopt Hesperian styles of family life. The role of family which earlier used to occupy ziant size in a mans life now started shrinking. In view of increasing materialism, consumerism, younger generations are leading entirely a different way of life. In the process of finding their partners / mates, younger generations are depending mostly on internet marriage sites like Shadi.com, Bharat Matrimony. Family involvement in finding a groom / bride is cut to nominal. Apart from regular festivals, new occasion like Valentines day, Mothers day, Fathers day are emerging. Weekend parties, kitty parties, visiting pubs and discos almost became a very vivid topic. More and more job opportunities created through BPOs, KPOs and Call Centers have facilitated this granting immunity of enjoyment.The ever increasing higher education and job opportunities opened up due to globalisation have largely influenced the Indian families particularly in urban metros. Going to America / London / Australia either for higher studies or for employment became a norm. It is also not uncommon for a boy or girl who went to abroad (either for higher studies or for job) to marry a foreigner and settle down there. Even most of married men and women are going to foreign countries by leaving their spouses, parents and kids in India. This has contributed to a fundamental change in the nation of ideal traditional joint family concept. Not only a structural but also working(a) transformation of family system took place. Marriages are no more made in heaven but on internet. Married men and women are staying singly at far off places on account of their jobs which are providing paying(a) pay packets and financial security. Apart from this, single living, single parents (person who had children beyond wed lock) and living together without any formal marriage are also found in the society. Not only the conjugal relationships but also the parent children relationships has also undergone a tremendous change. In most of the working couple families, parents are not able to devote time to interpret and interact with their children. Working in night-shifts became a norm in BPO, KPO and outcry centre jobs. By the time parents reach their homes, children are either fast asleep or already left for their schools. Behavioural problems are cropping-up among the children due to lack of interaction and proper guidance by parents. It is often verbalize that as we get down out children to crches they in turn send us to old age homes.The pattern of change that took place in family dining is also worth observing. Neither children nor parents are interested in having traditional break-fast items like Idli/Dosa/Chapatti/Roti/Parantha on account of paucity of time. Most of the children are interested in having junk foods like pizza pies, burgers, chips, wafers and snacks. The change in eating habits are making the younger generation proned to obesity and other health problems. At one point of time, eating outside was considered as a taboo which now became a regular practice. Most of the urban families hang out at restaurants and fast food centers like pizza Hut, Mc Donalds, KFC, atleast once a weak. Having dinner while watching television receiver or chatting on computer became a very common thing in most of the households.The institution of family is undergoing dramatic change in India. in Southern States like Keral, Tamilnadu, Andhra Pradesh and M aharashtra, it is a common feature that families send their son or daughter to foreign countries for advanced studies as a mode of investment. Once the boy / girl completes their studies and gets job, they start sending money to their homes in India which is often used in education or carrer development of siblings or relatives with these remittances of money, family in India also enjoys a spacious house, luxury cars and heavy trust balances.ConclusionBenefeld once pointed out that most depressing aspect of globalisation theory is that human beings are on the whole ignored.6Globalisation modify man as materialistic and self-centered. Economic risks generate various forms of social risks such as unemployment and poverty and financial crisis. Despite of increase in material wealth and living standards, life is becoming a daily struggle due to high competition. Family who earlier used to take plow of its vulnerable members is no more in a position to serve. reward of family and it s values as prevailing in India can not be ignored. At the same time, acceptance or rejection of traditional values of power structure depends on the experiences shared by each family.