Tuesday, May 26, 2020

Obesity in Childhood - Free Essay Example

Obesity in Childhood There are numerous issues that society faces on a daily basis. One of the issues that society faces is obesity. It is one of the leading risks of death and has been ongoing since the 1960s and 1970s. Obesity is an issue that continues to grow not only in the United States but also in developing countries as well. Not only does obesity affect adults but it has become a serious issue for children. According to an article, approximately 12.7 million, or 16.9 percent, of children and adolescents aged two through nineteen years are considered obese (Karson). In addition to how many children are obese, a study has shown that The five states with the highest rates of overweight and obese kids are all in the Southeasttop-ranked Mississippi (44.4%), Arkansas, Georgia, Kentucky and Tennessee. Minnesota and Utah were tied with the lowest rates (23.1%) (Adams). Over the past couple of years, childhood obesity has become more of an epidemic as more children become overweight or obese every year. Parents play a huge part in preventing their children from becoming obese. The question is, what are the causes of childhood obesity and how can this issue be addressed? Childhood obesity can lead to many health and social issues which are the reasons why parents should take the initiative to prevent their children from becoming obese. Parents can change the lives of their children by becoming good role models and encouraging them to eat healthy foods and going outside to do physical activity. There are several causes when it comes to childhood obesity. Genetics is one cause that can determine between someone that is more likely to gain more pounds easily than a normal person that has a high metabolism because of their DNA. Another cause for childhood obesity is a poor unhealthy diet. Eating a poor diet can result in gaining extra pounds and excess body fat. A good example of a poor diet is eating food which contains preservatives and low nutrition or drinks that have too much sugar such as junk food, snack foods, sugary beverages. In the article Childhood Obesity: Trends and Potential Causes, the author explains that individuals consuming fast food meals have higher energy intake with lower nutritional values (Anderson 12). Additionally, a lack of physical activity can also result in becoming less active and adding more weight. In the article The Search For Obesitys Causes, the author explains that The likelihood of being overweight or obese was greater if a child has a TV in his bedroom or watches more than two hours a day (41% greater odds) (Adams). This is a good example of how bad parenting can result in less physical activity and spending more time on entertainment such as watching TV and playing video games. Childhood obesity also has an effect on poor academic performance in school. According to a research study, overweight and obese children were four times more likely to report having problems at school than their normal weight peers. They are also more likely to miss school more frequently, especially those with chronic health conditions such as diabetes and asthma, which can also affect academic performance (Sahoo). Other factors that contribute to childhood obesity are parents, depression, anxiety, and eating disorders. Parents can be a factor for obesity because of bad role modeling and not encouraging their children to eat healthy foods and never doing physical activity outdoors. Depression can cause poor eating habits which can increase the chances of becoming obese in the future. Anxiety can cause a lack of energy which can make a person less active and add additional weight. Eating disorders such as unhealthy diet practices can lead to anxiety and depression but can also damage your vital organs such as your brain or your heart. While all these factors contribute to childhood obesity, there are also health issues and diseases that develop. Children who are obese are more likely to develop serious health issues and diseases in the future. Some health issues that develop when a person is obese are type 2 diabetes, heart disease, bone and joint disease, breathing problems, and high blood pressure. These are the most common health issues that can occur for a person that is obese. Although most of the physical conditions that contribute to childhood obesity are preventable if a child reaches a healthy weight when they get older, some are not lucky as it can lead to more issues in the future and possibly death. In addition to these health issues, there are several types of cancer that can develop if a person is obese. These types include breast cancer, colon cancer, endometrial cancer, esophageal cancer, gallbladder cancer, kidney cancer, liver cancer, meningioma, multiple myeloma, ovarian cancer, pancreatic cancer, stomach cancer, and thyroid cancer. Additionally, studies have shown that obesity has become the second cause of cancer. Besides the health issues of childhood obesity, there are also social issues that develop. While the health consequences are severe for obesity, childhood obesity can affect a childs social and emotional health. Some of the social issues that contribute to childhood obesity include bullying and discrimination. In the article, Childhood Obesity: Causes and Consequences, the author explains that Obese children are often excluded from activities, particularly competitive activities that require physical activity. It is often difficult for overweight children to participate in physical activities as they tend to be slower than their peers and contend with shortness of breath (Sahoo et al.). This is an example of how discrimination contributes to childhood obesity. Not only do these social issues affect a childs emotions, but these issues can also lead to more psychological issues in the future. Childhood obesity can cause some psychological issues which include low self-esteem, low self-confidence, depression, behavioral issues, ADHD, quality of life, and eating disorders. While these are some of the issues that contribute to childhood obesity, the most common is low self-esteem and depression. Low self-esteem can affect a childs academic performance and affect the quality of life but can also cause loneliness, sadness, and nervousness. This can often lead to depression which can cause a child to lose interest in their activities and become less social with their friends and family. Depression can also cause poor eating habits and overeating which leads to gaining more weight and building fat. These are some the issues that contribute to childhood obesity. As researchers have shown the impact of childhood obesity, it is essential to come up with solutions to resolve the issue. As stated earlier, childhood obesity is an ongoing problem that persists in our society. To resolve the issue of childhood obesity, there needs to be some involvement within the community and government to figure out solutions to rectify the problem. So, what are some solutions that could be used to resolve childhood obesity? Based on the social issue, a research question was formed. What are the causes of childhood obesity and how can this issue be addressed? Some of the options that could be utilized to reduce the issue of childhood obesity are adding warning labels to sugared beverages and foods, improving early education facilities, and providing education programs to children to help control obesity. Adding warning labels to sugary beverages and foods would be a good option to reduce the issue of childhood obesity because it warns children and adolescents ab out the consequences of consuming unhealthy food and drinks. In a research article, Warning Labels Can Help Reduce Soda Consumption and Obesity, New Study Suggests, the author explains that warning labels in locations that sell sugary drinks, including grocery and corner stores, reduced both obesity and overweight prevalence (Warning Labels). This can help change a customers decision when buying sugared drinks or junk food at a grocery store or supermarket. Improving early education facilities such as child care are another great solution for reducing the number of obese children. Some ways that early education facilities can improve are providing organic healthy food and providing education on what foods are good or bad. This can impact what children consume and how physically active they are. It also helps children develop good eating habits that will help them in the future when they become older. The last solution that would be beneficial to the issue of childhood obesity is providing education on obesity to children because it will help them learn the health consequences of obesity as well as other information about fast food and organic food. Not only will this solution help children think about what to eat, but it also creates awareness. Some ways that schools can help provide education on obesity are creating posters about obesity in classrooms and in cafeterias. PowerPoint presentations are also a great way of raising awareness to children about obesity. All of these solutions have benefits as well as hindrances. In conclusion, childhood obesity can be contributed to several causes such as genetics, a poor unhealthy diet, lack of physical activity, and poor academic performance. It is an ongoing issue that has been around since the 1960s and 1970s and has increased in the past years. To reduce the number of obese children, the three solutions that will help benefit in resolving childhood obesity are adding warning labels to sugary drinks and foods, improving the early education facilities, and providing education about obesity to children. Some ways a parent can help prevent their child from becoming obese is becoming a good role model, encouraging their children to eat healthy foods, and encouraging them to stay active by doing physical education outdoors. Works cited Adams, Jill U. The Search for Obesitys Causes. Los Angeles Times (Los Angeles, CA), 2010, pp. E.1. SIRS Issues Researcher, https://sks-sirs-com.fcep.ohlone.edu. Anderson, Patricia M. Childhood Obesity: Trends and Potential Causes. Dartmouth, www.dartmouth.edu/~pmaweb/FOCrevisionFinal.pdf. Karson, Jill. Issues in Society: How can the Obesity Epidemic be Controlled? Issues in Society: How Can the Obesity Epidemic Be Controlled?, 2017. SIRS Issues Researcher, https://sks-sirs-com.fcep.ohlone.edu. Sahoo, Krushnapriya, et al. Childhood Obesity: Causes and Consequences. PubMed Central, 2015, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4408699/. Warning Labels can Help Reduce Soda Consumption and Obesity.. Targeted News Service, 2017, pp. n/a. SIRS Issues Researcher, https://sks-sirs-com.fcep.ohlone.edu.

Sunday, May 17, 2020

Music Censorship is Not Needed Essay - 762 Words

Music Censorship is Not Needed Marilyn Manson. Eminem. Limp Bizkit. Rammstein. All of these musical artists have been under fire in the past few years by government officials, the media, and activist groups. Supposedly, their music conveys too violent of a message. The sounds and words these artists have so carefully crafted have been targeted as the cause for violent acts, especially by young people. For example, Columbine shooters Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold idolized German industrial bands such as Rammstein and KMFDM, as well as American shock rocker, Marilyn Manson. The public has been quick to blame these musicians for violence in the United States. People are calling for government regulations in the form of†¦show more content†¦The government has taken some appropriate steps in making the public aware of the content of music albums. Very few critics can deny that parental advisory labels are beneficial. Although adults and children frequently ignore them, at least they make consumers a ware of any potentially offensive content. Parents concerned about extremely violent or offensive music can outright refuse to buy the CD in question. Alternatively, parents can research and examine the content. However, stores such as WalMart and K-Mart have been known to ask artists to redesign their album covers or to release an edited version of an album, simply because the stores feel a CD is potentially offensive. This practice, however, goes a step too far. No store owner can please all customers. Either sell the CD with the appropriate warning, or choose not to stock it. Additionally, stores that are so worried about sales figures might consider the fact that such adult oriented material may attract a larger, slightly older consumer base, one which would be willing to spend more money on other products. One argument that is continually pulled into this debate is the First Amendment. According to the United States Constitution, everyone is entitled to the right to free speech, which is a sacred American belief. By submitting to censorship, artists are essentiallyShow MoreRelatedThe Effects Of Music On The Music Industry1555 Words   |  7 Pagescensoring music on the radio and CDs is not a right thing as censorship can hide a meaning of the song. There are a lot of different factors why many people want their songs to be the way that the songwriter writes them. But these people usually forget that there are many more factors why songs should be censored. On the other hand, people want songs to be Ã' ensored because uncensored music can highly affect young children, limit the exposure of people s morality and some people want music to be censoredRead MoreCensorship And Its Effect On Children1619 Words   |  7 Pagesthey see being done. Without censorship daily television shows are increasingly exhibiting more violence, foul language and sexuality to susceptible youth. Due to lack of censorship, explicit music lyrics and inappropriate images on music videos are being introduced to impressionable children. There is a lack of control on the internet leading to internet addiction and forces vulnerable adolescents to face cyber bullying. In a variety of mediums not enough censorship is used, which influences impressionableRead MoreFahrenheit 451 By F. Bradbury1131 Words   |  5 Pagesworld presented in Fahrenheit 451 we will be able to see the different themes and the factors that influence them. The four main factors that influence the story are the controlling government, terrible social conditions, advances technology and censorship. Although, some a play a bigger part than others, without all the them the book s final outcome could have changed in a drastic way. The government in Fahrenheit 451 ties into most of the drama throughout the book. In the book, the governmentRead MoreEssay on censorship846 Words   |  4 Pages â€Å"Censorship is the act of suppressing publications, movies, television programs, plays, letters, and so on that are considered to be obscene, blasphemous, or politically unacceptable† (MccGwire 4). Censorship should be enforced because it is needed into today’s society. Censorship needs to be used in media, hate speech, and obscene material. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;To begin with, the media has very negative effect on society as a whole. â€Å"The mass media—movies, television, and recordings—needRead MoreThe Need for Censorship in the Media Essay1650 Words   |  7 PagesThe Need for Censorship in the Media Censorship is the cuts and remakes of media mainly movies. Censorship is usually when obscene scenes and actions have been removed from a piece of media. Censorship has been around for a long time, censorship is supposed to protect us from the things which happen in media for example movies which contain horror, sex or violence. Censorship is said by the government to help us because it cuts out scenes which may mentally affectRead MoreThe Effects Of Censorship On The World Essay1749 Words   |  7 PagesAround the turn of the century â€Å"many observers of German culture concluded that a new performing art was needed†(Jelavich 26) it needed meet a middle ground between â€Å" the mindlessness of popular variety shows and the incomprehensible esoterism of avant-garde†( Jelavich 26). This is when the form cabaret came to the rescue. Berlin had over fifty theatres in operation as the wartime censorship had been abandoned this new edgy artistic movement evolved. The German currency, the Mark, was significantlyRead More Music Censorship Essay3364 Words   |  14 Pagesfuss about? Censorship, Government officials, and raving mad protesters alike have been trying to stop the expressive creativity in everything from rap music to Mark Twain. Censorship in music is a topic that has brought about much controversy in the past two decades. There have been many different arguments on the topic, however the question still remains as if it should be censored or it should not be censored. In Paul Blanshard’s book The Right To Read: The Battle Against Censorship, he speaksRead MoreSelf Efficacy And Self Control Essay1700 Words   |  7 PagesAnderson and Overy (2010) Craig Locus of control of behavior Scale found decrease in self-efficacy in both experiment groups and the control group. Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale found 8.74% increase in self-confidence for music groups, but not with art groups. None Strengths: included music and art experiment groups, included control group, multiple measures and assessments Limitations: Small sample size, discrepancies in testing measures, interventions not completed within 8 week time allocation, notRead MoreEssay on Censoring the Pages of Knowledge1688 Words   |  7 Pagesnovel Fahrenheit 451 is the idea of censorship. In Bradburys fictional world, owning books is illegal. A firemans job is not putting out fires like one may assume. In Fahrenheit 451, a fireman has the job of starting fires. Firefighters start fires in homes containing books. If this were reality, there would be no homes to live in. Books have become an integral part of American life. However, the theme of censorship is still relevant in American life. Censorship is enforced in an interesting wayRead MoreEssay on Rage Against the Machine1523 Words   |  7 Pagesactually protest against the censorship of music and the Parents Music Resource Center, founded by Tipper Gore (Buchi, incidents par. 3-4). The music of Rage Against the Machine contains the political and social views of the band members. They are very avid about defending constitutional rights of the individual and large groups of deprived people. The members of Rage Against the Machine each bring diversity and strong political views into the music they produce. Each member is

Saturday, May 16, 2020

Hero With A Thousand Faces - 1555 Words

Anyone can be a hero, no matter where they come from, they could be your neighbor or be in the next town over, in another state or even in another country. Luis Gonzalez, born and raised in a small farm in Jalisco Mexico was eighteen years old when his own personal hero journey began. A â€Å"Heroes Journey† is a seventeen stage itinerary divided into three segments listed in order; Departure, Initiation and Return. These stages consist of what the hero in the story will do in their journey according to Joseph Campbell’s book, Hero with a Thousand Faces. The first of the seventeen steps is called â€Å"The Call to Adventure† according to Campbell it â€Å" is the beginning of a big change, often by accident.† When Luis was eighteen he got his results back from the university of Guadalajara in Jalisco Mexico saying that he wasn t admitted into the university Luis decided to go America to work and come back after a year and try again to get into the universi ty. The second step in the first segment; Departure is the â€Å"Refusal of the Call† where according to Campbells book, Hero with a Thousand Faces the â€Å"Hero will refuse the adventure at first and become imprisoned, be it physically or psychologically,† Luis had many doubts about starting a new life in the United States he was scared that he couldn t pick up the english language quick enough affecting his ability to find a job and paying for bills. Luis wasn t to comfortable to leave everything and everyone he knew behind and start allShow MoreRelatedThe Hero With A Thousand Faces1540 Words   |  7 PagesCampbell â€Å"The Hero With A Thousand Faces† and The Movie â€Å"Alien† A hero is â€Å"a man (or occasionally a woman) of superhuman strength, courage, or ability, favored by the gods.† Based on this quote, found on â€Å"The Oxford English Dictionary Online,† one can assume that the hero would be a man based on the terms that are used. People often associate a man as being the almighty power in a situation. They are referred to as the hero. One does not often find a movie about superheroes with the hero being a womanRead MoreThe Hero With A Thousand Faces796 Words   |  4 PagesIn 1949, Joseph Campbell published his book â€Å"The Hero with a Thousand Faces.† It details his theory of the â€Å"monomyth,† a theory that illustrates how many heroic mythological stories have similar outlines and archetypes. During his discussion of the second chapter of the monomyth, Campbell says that the monomyth can â€Å"serve as a general pattern for men and women† in their everyday lives (121). In many circumstances, comparisons can be made between normal situations throughout life and the monomythRead MoreThe Hero With A Thousand Faces1284 Words   |  6 Pages Analysis of Beowulf In his book The Hero with a Thousand Faces, first published in 1949, esteemed American mythologist Joseph Campbell outlines the fundamental structure every archetypal hero follows during his or her journey in the world of mythologies. Campbell coined the term â€Å"monomyth to describe the stories that follow this structure. The monomythic cycle, commonly referred to as The Hero s Journey, is divided into three primary sections known as the Departure, Fulfillment, and ReturnRead MoreThe Hero With A Thousand Faces1524 Words   |  7 PagesRevised Draft A hero is â€Å"a man (or occasionally a woman) of superhuman strength, courage, or ability, favored by the gods.† Based on this quote, found on â€Å"The Oxford English Dictionary Online,† one can assume that the hero would be a man based on the terms that are used. People often associate a man as being the almighty power in a situation. They are referred to as the hero. One does not often find a movie about superheroes with the hero being a woman. Gender should not define who is the betterRead MoreThe Hero With A Thousand Faces1328 Words   |  6 PagesCooper Clarke English 4 – Period 2 Mr. McQueary 8/22/14 The Hero with a Thousand Faces Prologue – The Monomyth Myth and Dream Myths are universal and transcendent through time; many ancient myths are seen recreated in modern times. The author uses Oedipus as a way of comparing myth to psychology. Dreams have also played a major role in civilization; the people who could interpret dreams can understand and create myths. â€Å"Dream is the personalized myth† (19). Tragedy and Comedy People have alwaysRead MoreThe Hero With A Thousand Faces2252 Words   |  10 Pagestheory of the monomyth, all the myths that have withstood the test of time for thousands of years are based on a similar foundation. This foundation is explored in his book The Hero with a Thousand Faces where he describes the theory in this quote â€Å"A hero ventures forth from the world of common day into a region of supernatural wonder: fabulous forces are there encountered and a decisive victory is won: the hero comes back from this mysterious adventure with the power to bestow boons on hisRead MoreThe Hero with One Thousand Faces by Joseph Campbell1447 Words   |  6 Pagesyoung innocent character who embarks on a journey and becomes a hero, known as The Hero’s Journey; a series of steps that all heroes follow. This journey not only shows the main character becoming a hero but also shows the hero move along a path similar to that of adolescence, the path between childhood and maturity. The Hero’s Journey was created by a man by the name of Joseph Campbell. He wrote a book called The Hero with One Thousand Faces, a novel containing a variety of stories that follow the stepsRead MoreThe Cultural Values And The Archetypal Patterns Of The Novel Hero With A Thousand Faces 1331 Words   |  6 Pageson a pedestal, unlike their deception during the Late Middle Ages after the advent of chivalry and courtly love. On that note, Sir Gawain and Beowulf both reflect the cultural values and the archetypal patterns found in Joseph Campbell’s Hero with a Thousand Faces which are expressed throughout their communities. Even though some of the values such as valor and loyalty carried over from one time period to another, the two cultures experienced a paradigm shift from the way fighting was conducted allRead MoreTo What Extent Did the Book Hero with a Thousand Faces Influence the Sci-Fi Fantasy Film Genre, Specifically George Lucas’s Star Wars Trilogy?4143 Words   |  17 PagesIntroduction A hero goes forth from his familiar life into a world of the supernatural; difficulties are encountered which the hero conquers; and he returns home to celebrate with his friends. You may think you know what sci-fi/fantasy movie I’m talking about. But what I was actually describing is the book Hero With a Thousand Faces by Joseph Campbell. Because when it comes down to it, almost all sci-fi and fantasy movies follow the same basic pattern, the â€Å"Monomyth† described in Campbell’s bookRead MoreThe Hobbit, Or There And Back Again Essay1423 Words   |  6 Pagesor final battle followed by their return. Amongst the greatest and most authoritative pieces of literature written in the 20th century is Joseph Campbell’s The Hero with a Thousand Faces. Both the ideals and concepts within The Hero with a Thousand Faces are being used, and have been used, in the art of storytelling for thousands of years. The specific concepts Joseph Campbell lays out within the text is a dissection of the many common themes which the vast majority of stories, the heroic tale

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Police Brutality - 1314 Words

Police brutality Those of the minority community have been subjected, for many decades, to violence by those in law enforcement in the United States. This type of violence is a direct depiction of police brutality, which often leads to death. Police brutality has been an issue for many years, and it remains a major concern for those of the minority community. Over the past five centuries, black people have endured violence in many different ways. Today, police officers use deadly, excessive force that leads to inexcusable assaults, beatings and shootings.This demonstrates the government’s role in initiating and prolonging racial suppression and provides the explanation for police brutality to become a federal crime. In history, racist†¦show more content†¦Harassment and discrimination are two other forms of violence, they have been practiced for many centuries and are still being practiced today as a means of control. Those affected are minorities and the elderly causing them to have strong hatred towards the whites in America. Police Brutality is abuse by law enforcement, where a police officer feels that because he/ she has a badge and a gun therefore it puts them above the law and they can use unnecessary force against another individual. Police Brutality is not a new issue; it has become more focused on recently due to some cases that have occurred in the past few years that have been highly publicized. The abuse used by police officers is a serious offense that violates a person’s human and civil rights.These violations are seen nationwide to the minority community and are committed by various police officers that fail to receive punishment for their action. The Civil Rights Act â€Å"provides protection to those persons wronged by the misuse of power, possessed by the virtue of state law and made possible only because the wrongdoer is clothed with the authority of state law†. There is a violation of the fourth amendment when innocent people become victims of police brutality. Many minorities are stopped because they are driving a luxury car. They are assumed to be either drug dealers or a criminal. The protection of the fourthShow MoreRelatedThe Causes Of Police Brutality810 Words   |  4 Pages Police brutality remains to be one of the most abused human rights in the US.Police have actet out in ways that have made people wonder â€Å"Are officers of the law really doing there job?† Over takats African Americans have gotten discriminated .But for over 50 years those who are to protect us are not.One of the reasons that The media contributes to police brutality is by leaving some stories untold or even change it which then leaves an false impression for the readers . The Media only reportsRead MoreA Report On Police Brutality1367 Words   |  6 PagesStudent Name Instructor Date Course Police Brutality There is various forms of human rights violation currently in the United States, however; Police abuse remains the most serious of them all. Police brutality is, therefore, the use of excessive force or even unnecessary force by the police while they are dealing with civilians. People are left wondering if the police are doing the jobs they were appointed to do under the law. They act in ways such as the use of guns and pepper sprays to intimidateRead MorePolice Brutality1569 Words   |  7 PagesPersuasive/Policy/Problem/Cause/Solution Central Idea/Thesis: Police brutality should be regulated with greater strength and objectivity. INTRODUCTION I. Police brutality is constantly made known to us all through mass media, but I hadn’t ever taken the time to truly grasp the severity of it until it hit close to home. A. Three weeks ago, a close family friend was brutally beaten in front of his children at a family gathering by the police. B. My purpose is to persuade my audience that police brutality should be regulated with greaterRead MorePolice Brutality And The Police Essay940 Words   |  4 Pages Police brutality refers to the use of excessive force against a civilian. The controversies that surround the topic of police brutality relate to different definitions and expectations over what is meant by excessive force. Indeed, police officers are expressly authorized to use necessary, reasonable force to perform their duties. As Jerome Skolnick, an influential police scholar in the United States, underscores: â€Å"as long as members of society do not comply with the law and resist the police, forceRead MorePolice Brutality And The Police851 Words   |  4 Pagesthe police, your opinion may vary. Let me ask you a question about our police force. But keep this in mind, in October 2015 alone, there was 81 deaths by the police. With that being said, who’s to protect us from whose protecting the block? I don t care who you are, you have to be able to realize nowadays that the police brutality is getting out of hand, that the power surge is growing and growing. Look around, there s an increase of civilians death via cops, an increase of reports of police wrongdoingRead MorePolice Brutality2853 Words   |  12 PagesPolice Protality: Introduction Police brutality has been and continues to be of major concern in society. First of all, police brutality is a term used to describe the excessive use of physical force, assault, verbal attacks or slurs, and threats by any law enforcement officer. Efforts to police communities, throughout history, have been tainted by brutality ans abuse of power to some degree. The term police brutality is commonly used very loosely to any and all forms of policeRead MorePolice Brutality1263 Words   |  6 Pagesï » ¿Police Brutality Did you know that Police brutality is the intentional use of excessive force, usually physical, but potentially also in the form of verbal attacks and psychological intimidation, by a police officer? Despite major improvements in police practices (since 1981) reports of alleged police misconduct and abuse continue to spread through the nation. Police Brutality still goes on around the world today with improvements of enforcing police brutality in police departments. There haveRead MorePolice Brutality1865 Words   |  8 Pagesï » ¿Police Brutality is Prevalent Background Information Over the recent years, police have been one of the organizations to be associated with the largest cases of misconduct. Police brutality can be termed as the process of misuse and abuse of authority by the police. The rising cases of police brutality are causing more harm to the public, compared to the actions perpetrated by real criminals. Although police claim that it’s sometimes necessary to curb crime, the process is illegal and police officersRead MorePolice Brutality Over The Years1458 Words   |  6 PagesIt feels as if nothing has changed about police brutality over the years. The usual cycle is that juries acquit the police, cops get their jobs back, and brutality happens again. One of the most broadcasted cases of police brutality, was the beating of Rodney King. On the night of March 2, 1991, a bystander named George Holiday, videotaped the moment when five officers used excess force on an African American man named Rodney King, beating him with batons as he strugg led on the ground. Also, it wasRead MorePolice Misconduct and Police Brutality985 Words   |  4 Pages We hear about police misconduct case and wonder, Why don’t they do anything to stop this? Many say that we should keep the police officers’ perspective in mind. Others say that these actions are due to racism or post 9/11 paranoia. Whatever the excuse may be for these cases, there should be no need for violence anywhere. Police brutality videos go viral and reveal to the world that it actually happens and that it may happen to you too. This pervades people with fear and anger because their

The Prince by Niccolo Machiavelli - 2045 Words

Introduction The Renaissance was the tumultuous rebirth of European literature and art. It started in Florence and was ‘funded by the Medici’ (The Ascent to Money 2009) family. This is particularly significant as Niccolà ² di Bernardo dei Machiavelli, was born into the nobility in the Republic of Florence on 3rd May 1469. He was educated in Latin and then studied at the University of Florence. This fuelled his interest in political theory and so the Medici. During his childhood, Lorenzo de Medici, Il Magnifico, had vast power and influence over the fortunes of Florence fortunes. In awe of the ‘magnificence of the Medicean ruler’ Lorenzo, Machiavelli would later, dedicate The Prince to Lorenzo’s grandson. In 1494 the Medici were banished from Florence. Machiavelli served as a public official for four years, being elected Chancellor and Secretary to the Second Chancery. When the Medici returned to power in 1512 they dismissed him from his diplomatic post. Machiave lli was indicted for conspiracy against the Medici, imprisoned and tortured, until the Medici pope, Leo X, released him. He retired to his country house outside Florence, devoting his life to writing. He wrote many political books. His brilliance and his innovative views have become the foundation for modern political theory. The Discourses of Livy present a number of lessons focused on a republic, such as its advantages, structure, and operation, including checks and balances in government. It became an importantShow MoreRelatedThe Prince By Niccolo Machiavelli1472 Words   |  6 Pages The Prince by: Niccolo Machiavelli really tries and is successful at dividing politics and ethics to decipher the characteristics of a good and bad political/government ruling leader in this novel. In this reading, I seen 5 points that Machiavelli talked about, and those were: Free Will, Being Hated vs Goodwill, Virtue, A Good Military, and finally Human Nature. These are a necessity to the recipe that Machiavelli is making in this book. In the first few chapters of the book, Machiavelli beginsRead MoreThe Prince By Niccolo Machiavelli1182 Words   |  5 PagesThe Prince was written by Niccolo Machiavelli in July 1513 and dedicated to Lorenzo De Medici as he considered it would bring stability during the political turbulence in Italy. The Prince is simple and its logic straightforward. These traits highlight Machiavelli’s need to provide practical, easily understandable advice on how people should be ruled but, he does not set forth a vision of what society would be like without a civil government. This piece is a literature served as a political guideRead MoreThe Prince by Niccolo Machiavelli885 Words   |  4 PagesNiccolo Machiavelli was born in Italy in 1469 and began his political career in 1498. At that time, Italy was struggling politically. The government was so corrupt and was comprised of several independently operated city-states. What further complicated matters was that this is where the pope lived. He was leader of the Catholic Church, controlled his own territory, and had more influence than any prince of any of the other city-states in Italy. Machiavelli was suspected of being an enemy ofRead MoreThe Prince By Niccolo Machiavelli903 Words   |  4 PagesNiccolo’ Machiavelli, born May 3rd, 1496 in Italy, was an Italian diplomat for 14 years. He is better known for his work titled The Prince. This was a handbook created for corrupt politicians, in which the term â€Å"Machiavellian† came from, and he was also known as the â€Å"father of mod ern political theory† (Biography.com Editors). He served as a diplomat while the Medici family was in exile; however, when they returned, Machiavelli lost his position. He was thought to be part of a conspiracy to overthrowRead MoreThe Prince By Niccolo Machiavelli1843 Words   |  8 Pages Term Paper: Analytical Essay on a Primary Source: â€Å"The Prince† The Prince by Niccolà ² Machiavelli was created as a gift to Lorenzo de Medici, this gift was what Machiavelli considered to be most precious, it served as an â€Å"opportunity of understanding in the shortest time all that I have learnt in so many years.† Written initially in Italian, Machiavelli used this gift as a chance to teach young Medici to how be a successful prince, but first let us better understand a bit more about Machiavelli’sRead MoreAnalysis Of The Prince By Niccolo Machiavelli871 Words   |  4 PagesThe Prince by Niccolo Machiavelli From the moment a child is born from the womb, they are consistently instructed to follow the strict rules of what is classified as morally correct in order to succeed in life, and yet, The Prince, composed by Niccolo Machiavelli of Florence, goes against every word of these such instructions. The Prince is a historically controversially book written for Lorenzo de Medici, intended to assist him in improving the situations occurring in Italy at the time. In thisRead MoreMachiavelli s The Prince By Niccolo Machiavelli1943 Words   |  8 PagesNiccolà ² Machiavelli’s The Prince is a book that examines the qualities and strategies required for a ruler in order to maintain power. Despite being composed in the 16th century, the ideas presented are applicable even to mythical kings from texts over a thousand years ago. Throughout the story of Seneca’s Oedipus, substantial connections could be made between Oedipus and The Prince’s ideas of rule, such as methods in acquiring principalities, channeling subjects’ fear, the use of cruelty and controllingRead MoreEssay on The Prince by Niccolo Machiavelli700 Words   |  3 PagesThe Prince by Niccolo Machiavelli The Prince by Niccolà ² Machiavelli was written in the year 1513 A.C.E. in Italy during a time in which his views were greatly detested by others. They were so hated that he was exiled from his own country for writing them. When hearing this, one must ask oneself, what kinds of views did Machiavelli have so that his own country would cast him out? His ideas, though written very complexly, were very simple. 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He is a perpetuator of the idea that â€Å"the means justifies the end.† Although an ample amount of individuals criticize his principles, many rational thinkers embrace the political realities he so adamantly acquaints his readers with in his

Leadership and Change Management for Regulatory Environment

Question: Discuss about theLeadership and Change Management for Regulatory Environment. Answer: Introduction The current business scenario is much more challenging than it looks like. This is due to the reason that, there are various factors to be considered for the contemporary business organizations. One of the key challenging factors for the business organizations is the intense competition in the market. In addition, there are various and different environmental factors such as global regulatory environment and economic environment are also to be considered by the business organizations in determining their effectiveness in the market (Habib, 2013). Majority of the contemporary business organizations concentrates more on their human resources in order to gain competitive advantages from them (Lin Wu, 2014). This is due to the reason that the more skilled will be the employees, the more will be their effectiveness in dealing with the organizational challenges. In this case, one of the factors that should be maintained in maintaining the effectiveness of the employees is the leadership styles and approaches. Leaders are one who is responsible to enhance the effectiveness and engagement of the employees in the workplace. However, there are various types and approaches of leadership styles being followed. Each one of them is applicable for different circumstances and situations. This essay will discuss about the different principles and approaches of leadership stated by different authors. Literature review will be done in order to critically evaluate the opinions of different scholars. Relation between motivation and leadership Before starting of the discussion regarding the different approaches of the leadership styles, it is important to determine the relationship between the motivation and leadership (Felfe Schyns, 2014). This is important due to the reason that, motivating the employees in their workplace is one of the core objectives of leaders. Maslows hierarchy theory will be used in order to determine the importance of motivation for the effectiveness of the employees and the roles played by the leadership in it. Figure: 1 Maslows theory of motivation According to the need theory of Maslow, there are few steps to be maintained by the organizations in order to fulfill the need of their employees and motivate them in their workplace (Taormina Gao, 2013). Safety need in the given model refers to the financial stability of the employees along with having the job security. Thus, in this case, it is the responsibility of the leaders to make the employees skilled enough to survive in the organizations. Moreover, the leaders should also consider of financial benefit for the employees in order make them financially stable (Jerome, 2013). On the other hand, lack of effective leadership approach will not meet these needs and it will cause reduction in the morale and motivation of the employees (Yidong Xinxin, 2013). According to Taormina and Gao (2013), the need for recognition, promotion and self confidence of the employees are also to be met by the leaders. This is due to the reason that, employees will feel motivated in their workplace only when they will be given proper facilities of promotion and when their good performance will be recognized. Thus, according to the authors, leaders should be effective enough to be ethical in recognizing the contribution of the employees along with providing and equipping them with all the facilities in order to enhance their self confidence. Therefore it can be concluded that the approach of the organization towards meeting the needs of the employees is depended on the approach or principles of leadership being initiated. It can also be concluded that the more effective will be the approach of the leadership, the more will be the effectiveness of the organization in motivating and engaging the employees (Concchie, 2013). Theories of leadership There are various theories of leadership being discussed by different authors. Each one of these theories is having different approaches and is applicable for different situations. Moreover, authors have given more importance on some particular theories over others. The following sections will discuss about the different theories of leadership as stated by various authors. Transactional leadership theory Transactional style of leadership refers to the mixture of positive and negative motivation initiated for the employees by the leaders. For instance, employees will be able to earn reward for the good performance and will also face punishment in case of negative practices. Thus, the employees will avoid doing any negative practices and they will be more aligned towards performing better. According to Hamstra, Van Yperen, Wisse and Sassenberg (2014), initiation of the transactional leadership in the organization helps in effectively achieving the objectives and goals. They have also stated that initiation of the transactional leadership will help the leaders to have followers rather than just having subordinates. However, there are some other authors also who have given opinion against the concept of the transactional leadership. According to Tyssen, Wald and Spieth (2014), organization will face various challenges in implementing the transactional leadership in the organizations. This is due to the reason that, employees are belonging from different social and cultural backgrounds and thus they are having different requirements and expectations. Thus, if one particular employee can be motivated by providing financial reward then the other employees may not get attracted by financial benefits. Therefore according to the authors, leaders with having the approach of transactional leadership will face the difficulty in dealing with the different and diverse requirements of the employees. Transformational leadership theory This theory or style of leadership is being considered as one of the most effective leadership approaches for the contemporary business organizations. Leaders with having this approach concentrates more on the effective communication with the employees and make them involved in the decision making process. Moreover, these leaders are having the power of future predictions and they are being able to drive the organizations in accordance to that. Former CEO of Apple Inc. Steve Jobs is being considered as one of the most notable transformational leaders. Due to his style of leadership, Apple is being able to introduce one of a kind product in the market and is known for their innovative cultures. According to Avolio and Yammarino (2013), transformational leadership or charismatic leadership is one of the most effective ways to motivate and engage the employees in their workplace. According to them, initiation of the transformational leadership style helps the employees to stay in connection with the upper level management. Thus, effective communication process in the organization helps to properly communicate their issues and challenges to the top level management. Moreover, the involvement of the employees in the decision making process, further helps to engage them in their workplace. Employees feel more motivated and engaged when they are being leaded by the personal charisma of the leaders. However, in terms of the transformational leadership also, there are number of views against it being presented. As stated by Tourish (2013), initiation of the transformational leadership may also have negative impact on the effectiveness of the organization. According to them, transformational leadership may lead to the employees taking the upper level management for granted. Moreover, the author has also stated that option for the employees to provide their opinion in the decision making process may increase the complexities. This is due to the reason that, opinion from different employees will be diverse in nature and it will be difficult to create consensus in the decision making process. Autocratic leadership theory Autocratic leadership can be termed as the most extreme types of leadership for the business organizations. This is due to the reason that autocratic style of leadership refers to the directive style where upper level management will have the final call in the organizational affairs and the employees will not have their own opinion. They just have the follow the direction of the top level management. Though, majority of the authors are against this style, but there are some sort of advantages also being gained by the organization from the initiation of the autocratic style of leadership. According to De Hoogh, Greer and Den Hartog (2015), initiation of the autocratic leadership will help in enhancing the team performance. This is due to the reason that, autocratic and directive style of leadership will help to manage the employees according to the vision of the upper level management. Moreover, another quality of autocratic leaders is that they face fewer challenges in creating consensus in the decision making process. Therefore, according to the authors, autocratic types of leadership will be more beneficial and applicable in the case where employees are having lower skills and they are in the need direction. Regardless of these disadvantages of the autocratic style of leadership, according to the Rast, Hogg and Giessner (2013), autocratic leadership will have negative impact on the organization in terms of employee turnover and motivation. This is due to the reason that, initiation of the autocratic leadership will create barrier for the employees to have their opinion in the organizational affairs. Thus, if the issues and challenges being faced by the employees are not being solved, then it will be difficult to maintain their effectiveness in the workplace. In addition, the authors have also stated that if the opinions and feedback of the employee are not being considered then the rate of employees turnover will get increased, which will lead to the loss of competitive advantages. Leadership theories and principles Different approaches of the leadership are being discussed in the above sections. Hence, this essay will now discuss about the principles and theories of leadership being stated by different authors. This will help to determine the ideal qualities of the leaders. Path goal theory Alanazi, Alharthey and Rasli (2013), stated that initiation of the path goal theory will help the leaders in the organization to guide their employees in achieving the core goals or objectives. Path goal theory of leadership stated that it is the responsibility of the leaders to guide the employees and equip them with all the required amenities in helping them to achieve the objectives. Thus, according to the authors, providing the guidance to the employees is one of key qualities of an ideal leader. However, in this article, it is also being discussed that initiation of the path goal theory is also having disadvantages for the organization. One of the key disadvantages is the requirement for diverse and varied guidance for the employees. Thus, it may get difficult for the leaders to provide different guidance to different set of employees. This will ultimately affect the process of achieving goals and objectives. Contingency theory There are various theories in relation to the contingency given by different authors. One of the most effective contingency theories is given by Fred Fiedler (2015). According to him, leadership style will not be effective only with the chosen particular style but also it depends on surrounding situation of the organization. The author has also stated that it is important for the leaders to be flexible enough in order to align their leadership approach with that of the practical situation. Thus, it is the quality of an ideal leader to have this flexibility. They should have the capability to promote autocratic or transformational style of leadership based on the situation. This quality is considered as one of the most effective qualities for an ideal leader due to the reason that an ideal leader should have the ability to lead the employees in every situation. Behavioral theories According to Popper (2013), behavior of the leaders also determines their effectiveness. According to the author, leaders can be further classified in to two groups. One type of leaders are more concerned and oriented towards the job and another one is more concerned and oriented towards employees. Thus, according to the author, leaders who are more concern with the job are more likely opt for autocratic leadership. This is due to the reason that, these leaders are not concerned with the welfare of the employees. On the other hand, the author also stated that leaders who are more concerned with the welfare of the employees are more likely opt for the transformational style of leadership. This is due to the reason that, according to these leaders, if the welfare of the employees can be considered then the employees will be motivated and engaged enough to deliver good performance. Thus, from this theory, it can be concluded that behavior of the leaders is one of the key qualities of th em. Principles of leaders Apart from the theories and approaches of leadership, there are various principles of leadership, which also should be considered in determining the effectiveness of the leadership. Few of the principles to be considered by the leaders are being discussed by Burian, Burian, Francis and Pieffer (2014). According to them, it is important for the leaders to first determine their effectiveness along with their key strengths and weaknesses. This is due to the reason that, if the leaders are having the knowledge about their attributes, then it will be easy for them to design their approaches accordingly. These authors have also stated that an ideal leader should have the proper knowledge about the job they are going to lead. This is important due to the reason that, if the leaders are not having the knowledge about the particular job, then they will not being able to determine the effectiveness of the employees along with guiding them to achieve the goal (Donate de Pablo, 2015). Another principle that should be considered by the leaders is the importance of effective communication. This is also important due to the reason that effective communication will only help the leaders to have connection with the employees (Johansson, Miller Hamrin, 2014). Thus, it will be beneficial for them to determine the issues and challenges being faced by the employees. The authors have also stated that an ideal leader should have the capability of setting examples. Leading by examples is one of the key characteristics of the leadership roles. This will have positive implications on the employees and they will have the idea about what will be going to happen if they perform better. The last principle stated by the authors for the leaders is the capability to take sound decisions. This is important due to the reason that if the leaders do not have the ability to take effective decisions, then they will not be able to guide the employees. Moreover, in that case they will also face difficultly in creating consensus in the decision making process (Ford Richardson, 2013). Conclusion Thus, from the above discussion and critical analysis, it can be concluded that there are various factors that should be considered by the leaders. In addition, it is also being concluded that there are various approaches or styles of leadership, which all are having both advantages and disadvantages. Thus, it is based on the situation and other factors to determine the effectiveness of the particular style of leadership. This essay also discussed about the various theories of leadership relevant in the current business scenario along with the principles to be considered by the leaders. It is discussed in this essay that there is direct relationship between motivation of the employees and the leadership roles. Thus, this essay concludes that leadership roles in the organizations should be effective and flexible in nature in order to suit with different situations and drive the organizational success. Reference Alanazi, T. R., Alharthey, B. K., Rasli, A. (2013). Overview of path-goal leadership theory.Sains Humanika,64(2). Avolio, B. J., Yammarino, F. J. (Eds.). (2013). Introduction to, and overview of, transformational and charismatic leadership. InTransformational and Charismatic Leadership: The Road Ahead 10th Anniversary Edition(pp. xxvii-xxxiii). Emerald Group Publishing Limited. Burian, P. E., Burian, P. S., Francis, R., Pieffer, M. A. (2014). Principles driven leadership: Thoughts, observations and conceptual model.International Journal of Management Information Systems (Online),18(1), 1. Conchie, S. M. (2013). Transformational leadership, intrinsic motivation, and trust: A moderated-mediated model of workplace safety. Journal of occupational health psychology, 18(2), 198. De Hoogh, A. H., Greer, L. L., Den Hartog, D. N. (2015). Diabolical dictators or capable commanders? An investigation of the differential effects of autocratic leadership on team performance.The Leadership Quarterly,26(5), 687-701. Donate, M. J., de Pablo, J. D. S. (2015). The role of knowledge-oriented leadership in knowledge management practices and innovation.Journal of Business Research,68(2), 360-370. Felfe, J., Schyns, B. (2014). Romance of leadership and motivation to lead. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 29(7), 850-865. Fiedler, F. R. E. D. (2015). Contingency theory of leadership.Organizational Behavior 1: Essential Theories of Motivation and Leadership,232, 01-2015. Ford, R. C., Richardson, W. D. (2013). Ethical decision making: A review of the empirical literature. InCitation classics from the Journal of Business Ethics(pp. 19-44). Springer, Dordrecht. Habib, M. N. (2013). Understanding critical success and failure factors of business process reengineering.International Review of Management and Business Research,2(1), 1. Hamstra, M.R., Van Yperen, N.W., Wisse, B. Sassenberg, K., (2014). Transformational and transactional leadership and followers achievement goals.Journal of Business and Psychology,29(3), pp.413-425. Jerome, N. (2013). Application of the Maslows hierarchy of need theory; impacts and implications on organizational culture, human resource and employees performance. International Journal of Business and Management Invention, 2(3), 39-45. Johansson, C., D. Miller, V., Hamrin, S. (2014). Conceptualizing communicative leadership: A framework for analysing and developing leaders communication competence. Corporate Communications: An International Journal, 19(2), 147-165. Lin, Y., Wu, L. Y. (2014). Exploring the role of dynamic capabilities in firm performance under the resource-based view framework.Journal of business research,67(3), 407-413. Popper, M. (2013). Leaders perceived as distant and close. Some implications for psychological theory on leadership.The Leadership Quarterly,24(1), 1-8. Rast III, D. E., Hogg, M. A., Giessner, S. R. (2013). Self-uncertainty and support for autocratic leadership.Self and Identity,12(6), 635-649. Taormina, R. J., Gao, J. H. (2013). Maslow and the motivation hierarchy: Measuring satisfaction of the needs. The American journal of psychology, 126(2), 155-177. Tourish, D. (2013). The dark side of transformational leadership: A critical perspective.Development and Learning in Organizations,28(1). Tyssen, A. K., Wald, A., Spieth, P. (2014). The challenge of transactional and transformational leadership in projects.International Journal of Project Management,32(3), 365-375. Yidong, T., Xinxin, L. (2013). How ethical leadership influence employees innovative work behavior: A perspective of intrinsic motivation. Journal of Business Ethics, 116(2), 441-455.

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Health Lesson and Observation Essay Example For Students

Health Lesson and Observation Essay Mrs. Tuttle is currently incorporating Health into the curriculum. The second half of the year is when the children learn their Health lessons. More often than not, it takes the place of Science. This is just the beginning of basic Health, nothing too intensive. The lesson I am going to teach, was my own idea. It will incorporate Health and Physical Education Activity, and will take place in the gym. When I told Mrs. Tuttle about it, she thought it was absolutely the cutest idea. The lesson I am going to use is a relay race game called Dem Bones. The students will be in teams of about 5 children. They will all be at one end of the gym. At the other end of the gym, there will be a pile of laminated bones. The children will have to run down one at a time, and retrieve the bone that is written on a card that they will draw from a hat. They will bring that bone back, and begin to create a skeleton on the wall with masking tape. The first group to have a I will provide my own made up lesson plan for this lesson. No materials will be needed from the teacher. I will have my own already prepared. I attended Chestnut when I was in grade school, so I already knew what I was going to see when I got there. The classrooms are all still set up the same way they were when I left 10 years ago. They are all very clean. The desks are spaced well, to avoid tripping, and too much talking. Physically the school is the best one in my town. This school is also very emotionally excellent. The teachers are very warm and friendly. There are lots of colors, posters, pictures and signs on the walls, to emphasize the warmth and friendliness. The children, mostly, are very polite. The only thing that surprised me was the amount of helpfulness. They were willing to do anything for Mrs. Tuttle. I think it was because her style of teaching was so effective. She never raised her voice, she simply stopped talking. They all got quiet, and she started again. They were very attentive after that. I think she only had to do that one time in the time that I was there. They seemed very excited to hear what she had to say. I think this was mostly because this is the first time they have has an actual Health class, and book. I am not apprehensive at all about teaching this lesson. I know it is a good lesson, and I am very comfortable in front of a classroom. Also the children seemed to like me. Bibliography: .